|Porous nanoplate-like tungsten trioxide/reduced graphene oxide catalyst for sonocatalytic degradation and photocatalytic hydrogen production|
|Year of publication||2021|
|Title of paper||Porous nanoplate-like tungsten trioxide/reduced graphene oxide catalyst for sonocatalytic degradation and photocatalytic hydrogen production|
|Authors||Yadav, A.A., Hunge, Y.M., and Kang, S.-W.|
|Pages||101075 - 1 - 8|
|Journal||Surfaces and Interfaces (2019 I.F. = 3.724)|
A simple, cost-effective, ultrasound-assisted hydrothermal method was used to synthesize tungsten trioxide (WO3) and subsequently a tungsten trioxide/reduced graphene oxide (WO3/rGO) composite. The formation of the WO3/rGO composite was confirmed by XPS and Raman analyses. XPS analysis of the WO3/rGO composite revealed the presence of tungsten, carbon, and oxygen. Raman spectroscopy confirmed the presence of G and D bands in the WO3/rGO composite. The randomly arranged, interconnected, nanoplate-like morphology of WO3 was destroyed owing to the presence of rGO nanosheets and converted into a highly porous nanostructure. Multifunctional WO3 and WO3/rGO photocatalysts were used to study the sonocatalytic degradation of hazardous Congo red (CR) azo dye and photocatalytic hydrogen production. The surface area of the WO3/rGO composite (62.03 m2/g) was larger than that of WO3 (44.79 m2/g), thereby enhancing the efficiency of the sonocatalytic degradation and photocatalytic hydrogen production, which corresponds to the effective inter-charge transfer between WO3 and rGO. Platinum was used as a co-catalyst with WO3/rGO to promote hydrogen production. The incorporation of rGO enhanced the CR dye degradation efficiency from 56 to 94% and the hydrogen production activity from 424.5 to 825.8 µmol/h·g.